Earlier in July, India marked 25 years of liberalisation with the historic economic reforms which started in 1991. Ever since, the industries in India’s states have grown at a phenomenal pace. While the most industrialised states have not changed much in terms of rankings, their output and the workforce they employ have skyrocketed.
Different states in India have contributed to the country’s growth in the manufacturing sector, but here are the states that have driven India’s growth story.
These top 5 states own 53 per cent of India’s total factories:
1. Tamil Nadu
The southern state is leading the chart of the most industrialised states with at least 37, 378 factories till 2013-2014. Whereas, the number of factories was just 14,617 in 1990-91. The industry has grown with the rate of more than 2.5 times over a period of 25 years.
The second most industrialised states of our country is Maharashtra which is also home to India’s commercial capital – Mumbai. It closely follows Tamil Nadu with 29,123 factories till 2013-14. The number of factories in the state almost doubled in just two and a half decade. At the time of reform, the number of factories was just 15, 595 in the state.
In the third position on the list is the ‘Jewel of Western India’ and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s home state – Gujarat. The state was home to at least 22,876 factories till 2013-14. At the time of reform in 1990-91 the state housed just 10,943 factories.
4. Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is the fourth largest industrialised state in India. It was home to at least 14, 463 factories till 2013-14. Whereas, the number of factories was just 10, 417 in 1990-91.
5. Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh is the fifth most industrialised state in India. It has not performed that well, but still managed to secure fifth position in the list of the most industrialised states in the country. It housed at least 15, 719 factories till 2013-14. Whereas, the number was just 15, 205 in 1990-91.